Industrial and residential buildings for the Baťa Corporation
Gahura Lydie František, Karfík Vladimír a kol.
1934 (Land use plan)
1935 – 1942
The new industrial complex for the manufacturing of synthetic fibres, built close to Batizovce was created as part of the Baťa shoe company’s manufacturing program for 1934; in 1946 it became the independent town of Svit. The original plan was created by F. L. Gahura and the individual buildings designed by the Zlín Joint-Stock Building Corporation, with the aid of V. Karfík. The factory was separated from the residential section by a greenbelt, which also contained several public buildings (school, apprenticeship training, social centre etc.). Standardised products of the industrial design of Zlín, the factory buildings were based on a three-tract skeleton with cylindrical columns (later with square pillars) in a span of 6.15 x 6.15 m with brick infill. The residential construction consisted of a number of types, from single-family houses through duplex and quad houses up to four-storey apartment blocks. All of the types were grounded in the well-tested company models, with a single-part staircase and a simple rational layout. The town was intended (after 1940) to continue on the northern side of the rail line, which did not happen; all that remains of this intention is the distant (and oddly north-facing) rail station.
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