M. R. Stefanik monument
Bradlo, Brezová pod Bradlom
1919 – 1926
1927 – 1928
1928 (odhalenie: 23. 9. 1928)
In the context of Jurkovic's complex work of monuments, the memorial of Stefanik at the hill of Bradlo is exceptional. It is the fruit of architect's reverence for a great man and someone very close to him. The setting of Stefanik's funeral ceremony which was arranged by Jurkovic at this very location, appears to be largely a direct precursor for the monument both in terms of the message as well as the formal arrangement of the decoration. This clearly magnificent ceremony was valued by the author himself as his “greatest and bravest artistic achievement”. The composition by Jurkovic is primarily an engagement of the surroundings rather than artistic abstraction of an absolute form. The art form of the memorial represents the culmination of architect's period of military cemetery designs in Western Galicia. Some of them to some extent anticipate the memorial: its concentric arrangement, stepping up towards the centre, shape simplicity, rough cut stone blocks as well as attention to detail and finishing. The monument of the general and his entourage (which consisted of three Italian airmen: G. Mancinelli Scotti, U. Merlini and G. Aggiusti) sensibly follows Bradlo's silhouette and grants it an appearance of a medieval castle. It differs however in a more pronounced horizontal character reminiscent of even more ancient dark-age or pre-historic structures. The climax of the composition represents the tomb with four pylons. Even though the monument has been built for one of the few really famous Slovaks, it is far from being ostentatiously exclusive, but rather it is simple and straightforward while spiritually rich and inspiring.
JURKOVIČ, Dušan: Mohyla Dr. M. R. Štefánika na Bradle. Praha, Státní nakladatelství 1929.
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JURKOVIČ, Dušan: Mohyla M. R. Štefánika na Bradle. Architektura ČSR 7, 1948, s. 33.
BOŘUTOVÁ-DEBNÁROVÁ, Dana: Dušan Samo Jurkovič. Bratislava, Pallas 1993. 252 s.
MORAVČÍKOVÁ H., Henrieta: Mohyla na Bradle v kontexte stredoeurópskej pamätníkovej tvorby. In: Dušan Jurkovič. Katalóg výstavy. Ed. Dana Bořutová, Matúš Dulla, Anna Zajková. Bratislava, SAS 1993, s. 100 – 108.
DULLA, Matúš – MORAVČÍKOVÁ, Henrieta: Architektúra Slovenska v 20. storočí. Bratislava, Slovart 2002. 512 s., tu s. 56, 57, 58, 340.
Mohyla generála Milana Rastislava Štefánika. DOCOMOMO národný register: Slovensko. Architektúra & urbanizmus 40, 2006, č. 3 – 4, s. XXIV.
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