Pavilion school of so-called Bratislava type
science and education
Vietnamská 15, Bratislava
1959 – 1962
The division of the school into functionally independent pavilions at the turn of the 1950s and 1960s seemed to be one of the most suitable hygienic solutions for school facilities as well as the most flexible for its repeated setting in various environments. The most successful project from the several designs of standardized pavilion schools, which emerged from design studios of Czechoslovakia, was the one of Vladimír Dedeček, so called Bratislava type, designed on the basis of traditional structure with prefabricated floor slabs. The standardized project consists of four functional types, which had several size variants (the number of classes or the size of halls). There was a pavilion of elementary classrooms, a pavilion with specialised classrooms, an administrative and functional pavilion with canteen and a gym pavilion. The basic pavilion is conceived as a cluster of almost square classrooms with double-sided lighting, which are grouped around the central vertical core. The individual pavilions set in greenery were interconnected by exterior corridors with a simple roof. The concept of Dedeček was appropriated by the other architects in different locations all over Slovakia during the following years and to this day it is one of the best standardized school projects. Other schools of this type were constructed in Bratislava in Petržalka (Záporožská 8), in Kramáre (Cádrova 23) in Ružinov (Nevädzova 3, Tokajícka 94) and in the city of Malacky (Ulica 1. Mája).
ŠVANIGA, Juraj: Typizačná úloha pavilónových škôl. Projekt 2, 1960, 1, s. 2 – 5.
ŠVANIGA, Juraj: Pavilónová škola v Bartislave. Projekt 6, 1964, 10 – 11, s. 226 – 228.
SZALAY, Peter: Architekt Vladimír Dedeček. Architektúra & Urbanizmus 39, 2005, 3 – 4, s. 127 – 148
KARFÍK, V., KARFÍKOVÁ, S., MARCINKA, M.: Nové smery vo výstavbe škôl, Martin, 1963, s. 211-212.
Vladimír Dedeček, Interpretácie architektonického diela. Monika Mitášová (ed.), Bratislava: SNG, s. 373 - 381.